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Mayan Languages  

Nora C. England

Mayan languages are spoken by over 5 million people in Guatemala, Mexico, Belize, and Honduras. There are around 30 different languages today, ranging in size from fairly large (about a ... More

Meanings of Constructions  

Laura A. Michaelis

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Meanings are assembled in various ways in a construction-based grammar, and this array can be represented as a continuum of idiomaticity, a gradient of lexical fixity. Constructional ... More

Morphosyntax of Dravidian Languages  

R. Amritavalli

Online publication date:
May 2017
The Dravidian languages, spoken mainly in southern India and south Asia, were identified as a separate language family between 1816 and 1856. Four of the 26 Dravidian languages, namely ... More

Number in Language  

Paolo Acquaviva

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Number is the category through which languages express information about the individuality, numerosity, and part structure of what we speak about. As a linguistic category it has a ... More

Passives and Syntax  

Artemis Alexiadou

Online publication date:
Dec 2016
Subject:
Syntax
Cross-linguistic differences in passive formation and the differences between verbal and adjectival passives reveal some of the core properties of the passive. In earlier stages of the ... More

Relative Clauses in Syntax  

Mark de Vries

Subject:
Syntax
This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Linguistics. Please check back later for the full article. A ... More

Scope Marking at the Syntax-Semantics Interface  

Veneeta Dayal and Deepak Alok

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Natural language allows questioning into embedded clauses. One strategy for doing so involves structures like the following: [CP-1 whi [TP DP V [CP-2 … ti …]]], where a wh-phrase that ... More

Suppletion  

Ljuba N. Veselinova

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
The term suppletion is used to indicate the unpredictable encoding of otherwise regular semantic or grammatical relations. Standard examples in English include the present and past tense ... More

Syntax of Ditransitives  

Heidi Harley and Shigeru Miyagawa

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Ditransitive predicates select for two internal arguments, and hence minimally entail the participation of three entities in the event described by the verb. Canonical ditransitive verbs ... More

The Tangkic Languages of Australia: Phonology and Morphosyntax of Lardil, Kayardild, and Yukulta  

Erich R. Round

The non–Pama-Nyugan, Tangkic languages were spoken until recently in the southern Gulf of Carpentaria, Australia. The most extensively documented are Lardil, Kayardild, and Yukulta. Their ... More

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