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Polarity in the Semantics of Natural Language  

Anastasia Giannakidou

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
This paper provides an overview of polarity phenomena in human languages. There are three prominent paradigms of polarity items: negative polarity items (NPIs), positive polarity items ... More

Politeness in Pragmatics  

Dániel Z. Kádár

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Politeness comprises linguistic and non-linguistic behavior through which people indicate that they take others’ feelings of how they should be treated into account. Politeness comes into ... More

Polysemy  

Agustín Vicente and Ingrid L. Falkum

Polysemy is characterized as the phenomenon whereby a single word form is associated with two or several related senses. It is distinguished from monosemy, where one word form is ... More

Polysynthesis: A Diachronic and Typological Perspective  

Michael Fortescue

Online publication date:
Jul 2016
Polysynthesis is informally understood as the packing of a large number of morphemes into single words, as in (1) from Bininj Gun-wok (Evans, in press).1) ... More

Pragmatics and Intonation  

Brady Clark

Subject:
Pragmatics
Intonation impacts pragmatic meaning. A range of empirical evidence shows that the pragmatic functions of intonation are specifiable. The dimensions of meaning impacted by intonation ... More

Pragmatics and Language Evolution  

Marieke Woensdregt and Kenny Smith

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Pragmatics is the branch of linguistics that deals with language use in context. It looks at the meaning linguistic utterances can have beyond their literal meaning (implicature), and also ... More

Pragmatics of Focus  

Jon Scott Stevens

Subject:
Pragmatics
This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Linguistics. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Prescriptive Attitudes to English Usage  

Ingrid Tieken-Boon van Ostade and Carmen Ebner

Taking a sociolinguistic approach to prescriptivism in English usage, this article presents different methods by which highly frequent usage problems can be analyzed as to their current ... More

Psycholinguistic Approaches to Morphology  

Christina L. Gagné

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Psycholinguistics is the study of how language is acquired, represented, and used by the human mind; it draws on knowledge about both language and cognitive processes. A central topic of ... More

Relative Clauses in Syntax  

Mark de Vries

Subject:
Syntax
This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Linguistics. Please check back later for the full article. A ... More

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