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Passives and Syntax  

Artemis Alexiadou

Online publication date:
Dec 2016
Subject:
Syntax
Cross-linguistic differences in passive formation and the differences between verbal and adjectival passives reveal some of the core properties of the passive. In earlier stages of the ... More

Phonological and Morphological Aspects of Reduplication  

Suzanne Urbanczyk

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Reduplication is a word-formation process in which all or part of a word is repeated to convey some form of meaning. A wide range of patterns are found in terms of both the form and ... More

Phonological Templates in Development  

Marilyn May Vihman

Online publication date:
Dec 2016
Subject:
Phonology
Child phonological templates are idiosyncratic word production patterns. They can be understood as deriving, through generalization of patterning, from the very first words of the child, ... More

Pidgin Languages  

Mikael Parkvall

Pidgin languages sometimes form in contact situations where a means of communication is urgently needed between groups lacking a common code. They are typically less elaborate than any of ... More

Pitch Accent in Korean  

Chiyuki Ito and Michael J. Kenstowicz

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Typologically, pitch-accent languages stand between stress languages like Spanish and tone languages like Shona, and share properties of both. In a stress language, typically just one ... More

Politeness in Pragmatics  

Dániel Z. Kádár

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Politeness comprises linguistic and non-linguistic behavior through which people indicate that they take others’ feelings of how they should be treated into account. Politeness comes into ... More

Polysemy  

Agustin Vicente and Ingrid Lossius Falkum

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Linguistics. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Polysynthesis: A Diachronic and Typological Perspective  

Michael Fortescue

Online publication date:
Jul 2016
Polysynthesis is informally understood as the packing of a large number of morphemes into single words, as in (1) from Bininj Gun-wok (Evans, in press). 1) ... More

Pragmatics and Intonation  

Brady Clark

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Subject:
Pragmatics
Intonation impacts pragmatic meaning. A range of empirical evidence shows that the pragmatic functions of intonation are specifiable. The dimensions of meaning impacted by intonation ... More

Pragmatics and Language Evolution  

Marieke Woensdregt and Kenny Smith

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Pragmatics is the branch of linguistics that deals with language use in context. It looks at the meaning linguistic utterances can have beyond their literal meaning (implicature), and also ... More

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